P. L. Tatwal Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh

P. L. Tatwal Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh
Corruption – Sanction for Prosecution
Criminal Appeal No. 456 of 2014 [Arising out of S.L.P.(Criminal) No. 9999/2011]-Decided on 19-2-2014.
The grant of sanction is only an administrative function. It is intended to protect public servants against frivolous and vexatious litigation. It also ensures that a dishonest officer is brought before law and is tried in accordance with law. Thus, it is a serious exercise of power by the competent authority. It has to be apprised of all the relevant materials, and on such materials, the authority has to take a conscious decision as to whether the facts would reveal the commission of an offence under the relevant provisions. No doubt, an elaborate discussion in that regard in the order is not necessary. But decision making on relevant materials should be reflected in the order and if not, it should be capable of proof before the court. …. After referring to subsequent decisions, the main principles governing the issue have been culled out at paragraph 14 which reads as follows…. It is incumbent on the prosecution to prove that the valid sanction has been granted by the sanctioning authority after being satisfied that a case for sanction has been made out….. The adequacy of material placed before the sanctioning authority cannot be gone into by the court as it does not sit in appeal over the sanction order. …. If the sanctioning authority has perused all the materials placed before it and some of them have not been proved that would not vitiate the order of sanction….. In such circumstances, we are of the view that the trial court should conduct a proper inquiry as to whether all the relevant materials were placed before the competent authority and whether the competent authority has referred to the same so as to form an opinion as to whether the same constituted an offence requiring sanction for prosecution. In that view of the matter, we set aside the impugned order passed by the High Court and also order dated 27.12.2004 passed in Special Case No. 12 of 2004 by the trial court and remit the matter to the Special Judge (P.C. Act, 1988), Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh…read more